Posted tagged ‘Air Ambulance Carribean’

Travelling to Mexico & Health

June 26, 2012

At Jet Rescue Air Ambulance we always recommend travellers that plan to go to Central America to get a comprehensive health and travel insurance. Even though chances are slim that you will have an accident, get sick or ill, it will not harm you to be prepared. In most Central American countries medical facilities are both private and state-organized and generally of a reasonably high standard. Some medicines are available without prescriptions and local pharmacists can diagnose and treat minor health problems.

Vaccinations:

The following vaccines may be “recommended” (there are no compulsory vaccinations for Mexico) for your travel to Mexico. Discuss your travel plans with your doctor in order to determine which vaccines you will need. Do take note that you should visit your doctor at least 4 to 6 weeks before your leaving date. This allows the vaccines to take effect properly.

  • Hepatitis A. Transmission of hepatitis A virus can occur through direct person-to-person contact; through exposure to contaminated water, ice, or shellfish harvested in contaminated water; or from fruits, vegetables, or other foods that are eaten uncooked and that were contaminated during harvesting or subsequent handling. In many countries the risk of infection with Hepatitis A is quite big, which is why a vaccination for most (sub-)tropical countries is recommended.
  • Hepatitis B, especially if you might be exposed to blood or body, have sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical treatment.
  • Rabies, if you might have extensive unprotected outdoor exposure in rural areas, such as might occur during camping, hiking, or bicycling, etc.
  • Typhoid vaccine. Typhoid fever can be contracted through contaminated drinking water or food, or by eating food or drinking beverages that have been handled by a person who is infected.
  • As needed, booster doses for tetanus-diphtheria. A DTP-jab (diphtheria, tetanus and polio) is valid for about 10 years. Most people had a DTP vaccination as a child, but a booster is recommended every 10 years.

Tips – Food and drink:

Water in bottles or marked ‘drinking/sterilized water’ can be drunk without precautions. Sterilized water can be bought at any corner-shop or in supermarkets like Walmart, Costco, etc. Look for brands such as Santorini, Ciel, Bonafont. All other water for drinking, brushing teeth or ice should be boiled or sterilized.

You should only eat well-cooked meals (especially meat and fish), cooked vegetables and peeled fruit. Especially when it comes to the popular “street food” you should check if the food is well-cooked and if hygiene is taken into account. Check if the people that are preparing the food are using food handling gloves and hair nets.

Tips – The sun & heat

Sunstroke is caused by overexposure to the sun or other sources of extreme heat. Not many people know that a sunstroke or heatstroke is actually a life threatening condition. It can easily be prevented by covering your head and face (for example by using shades, a hat, etc). Especially in (sub-)tropical countries it is an unwritten law to always carry a bottle of drinking water with you. Your body relies on water evaporation to stay cool. So when your body is out of water the heat/sun can quickly overwhelm your body’s cooling system, particularly when the air is not circulating. In severe cases, heatstroke can cause organ dysfunction, brain damage, and even death. If you suspect having a sunstroke (feeling light-headed, headaches), you can prevent it from getting worse by drinking water and finding a spot in the shade.

For more health and travel tips do check the Jet Rescue Air Ambulance Facebook page;

http://www.facebook.com/pages/Jet-Rescue-Air-Ambulance/127028476516

Or follow us through Twitter;

@jetrescue